Constructions Expressing Inaccurate Quantity: Functions and Status in Modern English

  • Nina Zhukova National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University
  • Ludmila Petrochenko Tomsk State Pedagogical University
Keywords: category of measure, inaccurate and unspecified quantity, group classifier, object measurement classifier, mensural classifier

Abstract

The article reviews lexical units expressing evaluative (inaccurate and/or unspecified) measurement in Modern English. The study reveals that this measurement, located on the periphery of scientific and traditional metric systems, has great significance for operational partitioning and measuring different kinds of objects in the everyday life of native English speakers. To date, there have been no detailed descriptions of lexical representations for evaluative measurement in the English language since existing papers do not approach this issue systematically. The present article, based on the British National Corpus and English dictionaries, as well as on extracts from modern American fiction, is the result of an analysis and systematization of the constructions, or patterns, expressing inaccurate and unspecified quantities in Modern English. In particular, the article provides a list of such constructions and their corresponding classifications based on their functions as specific classifiers. It also studies the structure of each type distinguished, the semantics of their components and their combinatory specificities. The analysis determines the status of these constructions in the paradigm of the category of measure in relation to the other language means of the given conceptual category, with which the constructions in question form the corresponding functional-semantic field. The results of the conducted research reveal how the “human factor” manifests itself in the English-language culture when expressing quantity evaluation of the outward things.   This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Author Biographies

Nina Zhukova, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University

Department of Foreign Languages

Ludmila Petrochenko, Tomsk State Pedagogical University

Department of English Language

Published
2016-03-01
How to Cite
Zhukova, N., & Petrochenko, L. (2016). Constructions Expressing Inaccurate Quantity: Functions and Status in Modern English. Journal of Language and Education, 2(1), 48-55. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.17323/2411-7390-2016-2-1-48-55