Organising Rhetorical Components in Verbal Presentation of Scientific Research Outcomes: A Systematic Scoping Review

Keywords: academic verbal presentation, academic oral presentation, moves and steps, rhetorical structure, rhetorical components


Background: The rhetorical structure of various genres of written scientific communication has been extensively covered in articles by contemporary researchers from different countries. However, the rhetorical structure of oral scientific presentations accompanying the presentation and defence of graduation theses, scientific research, and others has not received the same level of detailed study and attention. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of presenting conducted research significantly influences the degree and depth of its further acceptance by the readership.

Purpose: to summarise the literature on the rhetorical structure of verbal presentation of scientific research results accompanied by a presentation.  

Materials and Methods: We conducted a search of the Scopus bibliographic databases on March 2nd, 2023, and carried out a related grey literature search on March 27th, 2023. We screened the titles and abstracts of the retrieved records. From these records, we extracted demographic characteristics related to the rhetorical structure of oral presentations representing scientific research results. Following this, we extracted passages from empirical studies that described empirically derived moves and steps in speeches during oral presentations. These moves and steps were summarised and presented in the form of a universal matrix for the oral presentation of scientific research results.

Results: In the result of the search request 63 articles were found. Having screened all the papers we revealed that only 11 of them met our predetermined inclusion criteria. All these papers were journal research articles. It is worth stating that the majority of the studies were dedicated to rhetorical structure in written presentation of scientific research outcomes and there is a lack of papers related to moves and steps of verbal presentation of scientific research outcomes.

Conclusion: This systematic scoping review identified the moves and steps highlighted by authors in the reviewed articles within the oral speech accompanying the presentation of scientific research results to an audience. This matrix can be used to construct a more effective oral presentation of scientific research outcomes. Limitations of the work include the restriction to English language articles and the fact that the methodological quality of the articles included in our extraction was not assessed.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdollahpour, Z., & Gholami, J. (2019). Rhetorical structure of the abstracts of medical sciences research articles. Prensa Medica Argentina, 105(2), 114.

Al-Shujairi, Y. B. J., & Al-Manaseer, F. A.-J. (2022). Backgrounding the discussion section of medical research articles. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics, 12(1), 71-88.

Aleshinskaya, E. V. (2023). Rhetorical structure of research paper introductions in computer science: A comparative analysis. Research Result. Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, 9(3), 53-64.

Alexandrov, A. V., & Hennerici, M. G. (2013). How to prepare and deliver a scientific presentation. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 35(3), 202-208.

Amirian, Z., Kassaian, Z., & Tavakoli, M. (2008). Genre analysis: An investigation of the discussion sections of applied linguistics research articles. The Asian ESP Journal, 4(1), 39-63.

Chang, Y.-J., & Huang, H.-T. (2015). Exploring TED talks as a pedagogical resource for oral presentations: A corpus-based move analysis. English Teaching & Learning, 39, 29-62.

Ducasse, A. M., & Brown, A. (2023). Rhetorical relations in university students’ presentations. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 63.

Galaidin, A., & Bednárová-Gibová, K. (2023). Research article abstract, rhetorical structures, authorial voice, cross-disciplinary analysis, linguistics, economics. Crossroads. A Journal of English Studies, 40(1), 35-60.

Gobekci, E. (2023). Rhetorical structure and linguistic features of research article abstracts in the humanities: The case of Lithuanian, English, and Russian. Taikomoji Kalbotyra, 19, 33–56.

Hu, G., & Liu, Y. (2018). Three minute thesis presentations as an academic genre: A cross-disciplinary study of genre moves. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 35, 16-30.

Jiang, F. (Kevin), & Qiu, X. (2022). Communicating disciplinary knowledge to a wide audience in 3MT presentations: How students engage with popularization of science. Discourse Studies, 24(1), 115-134.

Junqueira, L. (2013). A genre-based investigation of applied linguistics book reviews in English and Brazilian Portuguese. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 12(3), 203-213.

Kaur, K., & Ali, A. M. (2017). Exploring the genre of academic oral presentations: A critical review. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 7, 152.

Kaur, K., Mohamad Ali, A., Chan, M.-Y., & Tan, H. (2019). A genre-based investigation of the introduction sections of academic oral presentations. Asian Journal of University Education, 15(2), 94.

Kourkouta, L., & Papathanasiou, I. V. (2014). Communication in nursing practice. Materia Socio-Medica, 26(1), 65–67.

Lu, X., Casal, J. E., Liu, Y., Kisselev, O., & Yoon, J. (2021). The relationship between syntactic complexity and rhetorical move-steps in research article introductions: Variation among four social science and engineering disciplines. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 52, 101006.

Motta-Roth, D. (1998). Discourse analysis and academic book reviews: A study of text and disciplinary cultures. In J. F. Coll, I. Fortanet, J. C. Palmer, & S. Posteguillo (Eds.), Genre studies in English for academic purposes (pp. 29-48). Universitat Jaume I.

Novitasari, H., Syafryadin, & Sofyan, D. (2022). The Rhetorical Structure of Students’ Presentation in Speaking Class. ENGLISH FRANCA: Academic Journal of English Language and Education, 6(2), 263-290.

Raitskaya, L.K., & Tikhonova, E.V. (2019). Multilingualism in Russian journals: A controversy of approaches. European Science Editing, 45(2), 41.

Raitskaya, L.K., & Tikhonova, E.V. (2020). An overview of reviews as a trend maker in the field. Higher Education in Russia, 29(3), 37-57.

Šandová, J. K. (2018). Rhetorical structure of English and Czech academic book reviews. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 15(3), 202.

Seliman, S. (1996). The genre and the genre expectations of engineering oral presentations related to academic and professional context [Unpublished Dissertation, University of Stirling]. Sterling.

Syafryadin, Makhrian, A., & Wardhana, D. E. C. (2023). Rhetorical structure mastery of tertiary students’ speech: Challenges and possible solutions. Studies in English Language and Education, 10(1), 266-279.

Thanajirawat, Z., & Chuea-nongthon, C. (2022). Move and text analysis of the discussion section in humanities and social sciences research articles. Eurasian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(1), 217-231.

Tikhonova, E. V., Kosycheva, M. A., & Golechkova, T. Yu. (2023a). Research article discussion moves and steps in papers on medicine: Academic literacy and respect for readers. Research Result. Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, 9(2), 97-128.

Tikhonova, E.V., Kosycheva, M.A., & Golechkova, T.Yu. (2023b). Establishing rapport with the reader: Engagement markers in the discussion section of a research article. Integration of Education, 27(3), 354–372.

Watson, J. A.(2014). Screening TED: A rhetorical analysis of the intersections of rhetoric, digital media and pedagogy [Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College]. Louisiana, USA.

Yusoff, M. (2010). Analysing communication competence in oral presentations: Engineering students experiences. Journal of Human Capital Development, 3(1), 99-117.

Zappa-Hollman, S. (2007). Academic presentations across post-secondary contexts: The discourse socialisation of non-native English speakers. Canadian Modern Language Review, 63(4), 455–485.

Zibalas, D., & Šinkūnienė, J. (2019). Rhetorical structure of promotional genres: The case of research article and conference abstracts. Discourse and Interaction, 12(2), 95–113.

Živković, B. (2022). British and Montenegrin university lecture introductions: A corpus-based study of their rhetorical structure. Iberica, (43), 103–128.

How to Cite
IvanovaM., MekekoN., & ArupovaN. (2023). Organising Rhetorical Components in Verbal Presentation of Scientific Research Outcomes: A Systematic Scoping Review. Journal of Language and Education, 9(4), 169-179.