Exploring Meaning: Verb Semantics and Quality

  • Natalie Gridina National Research University Higher School of Economics
Keywords: semantics, verb, syntagmeme, morphothematic, thinking, concept and implicit semantic component

Abstract

This paper examines the syntagmemic structure of verbs and their correlations with their logical-semantic quality drawing on the methods of componential analysis and morphothemic analysis proposed by A.I. Fefilov. The former approach helps us to single out the word standard semes, which are fixed in a language, whereas the latter is particularly useful in studying the nature of word semantics, its structure, and correlation with the concept and category of thought. Our research suggests that the method of morphothemic analysis provides a complex, multifaceted, in-depth analysis of the semantic structure of the verb.
One hypothesis raised by the study is that the verb reveals the processual peculiarities of the quality. The logical-semantic quality is fixed in verb semantics in terms of its propositional relations, which are implicit in a verb. The results show that the quality represented by a verb is concomitant as it goes together with relationality, the main component of a verb syntagmeme. Our research studied the effect of the verbal part of speech categorization on the manifestation of quality in a language.
The work provides new insights into the semantic structure of language units, exploring for the first time the logical and semantic qualities of verbs, which were subjected to a systematic morphothematic analysis. A further study could address the comparative investigation of the category of quality in different languages in terms of its translation. Additionally, this would enable an identification of the main trends of representing quality with the help of a verb in different languages and would distinguish a new unconventional syntagmeme that changes and modifies the category of quality in speech and consequently find out the ways in which a language determines categories of thought.   This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Published
2016-09-01
How to Cite
Gridina, N. (2016). Exploring Meaning: Verb Semantics and Quality. Journal of Language and Education, 2(3), 45-53. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.17323/2411-7390-2016-2-3-45-53